Vladimir heavy-duty horse breed
The Vladimir breed was registered in 1946. It was created during the work of the Gavrilovo-Posad breeding horse breeding center.
The Vladimir heavy breed was bred as a result of the crossing of local breeds with shires and Clydesdals. The main role in the formation of the new breed was played by the cleeds, of which the most famous were Border Brand, Lord James and Glen Albin, who became the ancestors of the breed.
The Vladimir breed of horses is distinguished by a dense constitution with mobility, easy movements in trot and pitch, and an energetic temperament. The suit is mostly bay, less often black, often with large markings on the head and legs. The tail, mane and bangs are lush, thick.
The history of the breed.
Since ancient times, good working horses have been famous on the lands of Vladimir opolya. In such large industrial cities as Moscow, Yaroslavl, Vladimir, there was a great demand for a large horse, and to work on fairly fertile, but heavy soils, it had to be hardy and strong.
In the first quarter of the XVIII century. in Gavrilovo-Posad the state stud farm was founded, in which they began to grow heavy draft horses. The creation of the Gavrilo-Posad state plant stable (SES) in 1886 contributed to the improvement of the local livestock. Initially, she was equipped with stallions trotting and riding direction.
Then the stallions of the hard-haired breeds began to enter – Percherons, Ardenes and Suffolks. But since 1901, they have been squeezed out by Kleidesdali, since 1910 – Shire. The stallions of these breeds covered the local peasant mares.
From this period, 98 sovkhoz and kolkhoz horse farms started breeding work to consolidate the signs of a new type of heavy horse obtained by means of reproductive crossing. The result of the work was the breeding of a new heavily harness horse breed, called the Vladimir heavy truck.
Modern representatives of the Vladimir breed are notable for their rather large growth, harmonious physique, strong constitution, well-developed muscles and energetic temperament. The head is long, with a convex profile, a muscular neck, a long, well-defined withers, a long broad back and croup.
Their legs are properly set, well developed joints. Stallion measurements (cm): slanting body length – 173, chest girth – 207, height at withers -165, metacarpus – 24.5; their live weight is 760 kg.
Vladimir heavy trucks are very hardy and unpretentious, they differ from other heavy trucks with considerable vigor and mobility. The record for urgent delivery of cargo by trot, established by the Vladimir heavy truck, is also an absolute record for heavy trucks of all breeds.