Lithuanian heavy horse breed
Lithuanian heavy breed was bred in Lithuania, by crossing Zhmudsky horses with Swedish orders. On the territory of Lithuania, a strong horse, perfectly adapted to local conditions, has long been bred, information about which can be found in the hippological literature of the sixteenth century, used in agriculture, and as a means of transportation.
In the second half of the nineteenth century, in connection with the intensification of agriculture and the increase in turnover, Zhmudsky horses began to improve, crossing them with larger heavy breeds, first of all, bred by Belgian orders. Hybrids of 3 – 4 generations bred “in themselves.” As a result, the crossbred animals combined the unpretentiousness and endurance of local horses, with the size and massiveness of the orders.
In the development of heavy horse breeding in Lithuania, the Vilnius stable and agricultural and horse breeding societies played an important role.
In 1963, the Lithuanian heavy-duty breed was approved. The Nemansky, Vilnius, Sudavskaya and Zhagarsky state factory stables organized by the Soviet government, as well as the Taurog and Kėdainia breeding breeding grounds completed the typification of the livestock.
Lithuanian draft horses have well developed muscles, they have a calm temperament and a strong constitution. Exterior deficiencies include a soft back, limb sabbiness, clubfoot, coarse head and some others.
Lithuanian heavy trucks are predominantly (70%) of red color and (22%) of bay suit. Horses of this breed are distinguished by fecundity, health, longevity. A significant part of the breeding horses in the Lithuanian heavy-duty breed is being tested, which greatly increases the effectiveness of improving the positive qualities of the breed. Lithuanian heavy vehicles are most often used as working animals, as well as improvers of horse population in Lithuania and neighboring countries, in addition, they are exported for slaughter for meat.
The best number of horses of this breed is in Zagarsky and Sudavsky horse farms, which perform the functions of state konkushen and partly breeding nursery. The area of activity of each of the 5 Lithuanian stud farms is spread over 8-11 administrative districts, thanks to which the stud farms serve the entire territory of the country. In the Lithuanian heavy-duty breed, 9 lines and 13 families are distinguished.