Pinzgauer horse (Pinzgauer), it’s the same (more common name) —Norikiy horse, it’s also Noriker (Noriker), derived from the roman horses of heavy horses. At the beginning of our era, the Romans bred horses in the province of Noricum (Noricum), from where this breed spread throughout Europe.
The first stud farm, where Noriker was bred, appeared in Austria in 1576, and horse breeding was controlled and was under the auspices of the Salzburg archbishop. The Noriqian horse was mainly a horse for festive ceremonies and parades: at stud farms, special attention was paid to removing horses with an unusual suit. However, already in the XVIIIth, Austrian farmers turned their attention to Noriker as a horse for work in agriculture. Over time, the breed, especially when its breeding ceased to be controlled by the church, has changed, acquiring a physique suitable for working in difficult conditions, endurance, massiveness. Norikers became riding, draft, working horses.
The breeding of this breed in Austria experienced ups and downs when the number of livestock was reduced – the horse farms lost interest in the breeding of the Noricia horse. After the 1970s, when the size of the livestock of this heavy horse was reduced to 10 thousand, they began to practice it again. In recent years, there has been an active revival of interest in cold-blooded, heavy horses and, as a result, an increase in livestock.
Noriche horses have some features that distinguish them from most other heavy breeds. Norikers are not as massive as Brabant (Brabant) or Percheron (Percheron), but where they are more adapted to work in the forest and mountains, they can be both heavy-stressed and pack animals. Since in the Alpine region, concern for the environment is often displayed in the first place, the use of horsepower, even in the modern world, is still justified – especially in mountainous and forest areas. As working animals, the Noriche horses are perfect: they have a confident pace, good paces and a sense of balance.
In addition, now Noriker began to use as horses for the passage of tourist routes, for sports riding, mountain walks. Many families living in mountainous areas keep horses of this breed, and in Austria itself the Noriksky breed is considered one of the national symbols.
Noriqian horse breeds are studious, good-natured animals, strong and calm. They reach 172 centimeters at the withers, they have a long muzzle, a strong neck with a thick and wavy mane. They are also characterized by a broad back, a long croup with a low wavy tail. Legs short, widely spaced. The color is usually red, gray, black, dark bay.