Horse breed tinker
Tinker, he is also an Irish cob, he is a gypsy cob, he is also an Irish worker, he is a gypsy sled team (not to be confused with an Irish sled team!) – a breed of amazing horses that has gained rapid popularity in the world in recent years, although more recently about these nothing was known to horses, and they did not exist in any reference book.
The official name of the breed is the gypsy sled horse. The name tinker is popular for this breed in Germany and Holland, but in Ireland, in the homeland of these horses, it is considered offensive, since “tinker” is the disdainful name for gypsies. Here they are called Irish cobas or local pike. Kob – in English, is a type of a short horse, stocky and massive, well-knit.
It is known that the Gypsies have always been excellent horsemen and connoisseurs of horses who know how to handle any of them. Among other things, they left the world a breed of cute shaggy horses, which are often confused with shire, although in fact they have little in common.
The history of the resettlement of Roma around the world, especially in the early periods of history is very vague: nomadic life does not provide for the preservation of historical artifacts. It is known that the Roma with their horses reached the British Isles at the beginning of the 15th century (1430 odes). But here they met with other eternal vagrants, who in these places were called “tinkers”, i.e. “solders”, “tinkers” (from the word tinsmith) – they were engaged in metal processing. Nothing more is known about them: the origin of their riddle and scientists have no definite answer. It is possible that these are the same Gypsies, who only came to the British Isles much earlier than history knows. for a long time, Roma and Tinkers were hostile, as they themselves were excellent blacksmiths and craftsmen. But in the end, both nations became related, the name “Tinker” became common.
Gypsy horses in the new place began to interbreed with local breeds, which ultimately led to the creation of a breed of Irish or Gypsy cob. Of course, in the conditions of the nomadic and poor life of the Gypsies, they could not get a high-blooded riding horse, only a working one. So it happened. Is that incredibly beautiful for a simple workhorse. In the absence of artificial selection, horses at the camp were selected that were much more rigid. Gypsy horses did not know the stables and good feed, often walking without horseshoes.
There could only be what they would find on the road, moving with a tent during the whole daylight hours. There was no discussion about veterinary services at all – Roma usually sold diseased horses to some prostitute. As a result, the breed turned out to be unpretentious and hardy – these were exactly what Roma needed for nomadic life.
Among the ancestors of the gypsy sledding horses are a lot of piego. And it is not surprising – the suit always and almost everywhere was considered “defective”, and therefore always the cheapest. These horses were not even taken to the army, where horses were always required – none of the officers wanted to sit on a horse that looked like a cow to suit. That is why pinto horses were sold to Gypsies for pennies, even peasants, even despite their working qualities. Gypsies always took these horses with joy, never counting them as “marriage.” In addition, the peculiar advantage of the pied horses is that the color of each horse is strictly individual, which means that finding a stolen or lost horse was not a big deal. Practically all British breeds participated in the creation of the gypsy Koba – Welsh ponies of all types, Dale, Fell, Highland, Clydesdale and Shire.
For a long time, the Tinker was not recognized as a separate breed, since illiterate Gypsies did not have the habit of keeping a pedigree book and breeding records, and the management of breeding work was doubtful. However, when the status of the breed was assigned to Indian chubar horses (appaloosa) in the United States, the matter moved from a dead center in tinkers. More or less systematic cultivation of tinkers began after the Second World War. In 1996, the first official founder of the breed, Cushti Bok, was registered. Today in the world there are several tribal books of gypsy kobov. Only in the United States, where these horses are extremely popular these three books. In 1996, the Irish Cob Society was founded, starting registration of tinkers.