Shire Heavy-Duty Horse
Features: Shire – the strongest, largest, heaviest horses on the planet.
The Shire is an English breed of heavy trucks, which is descended from knightly warhorses, it is one of the oldest heavyweight breeds. Today it is difficult to unequivocally determine how this breed was born.
The word “Shire” (Shire) also came from England, and comes from the Saxon word “Sheeran” (schyran), which means “watershed” or “shift”, therefore, the word “Shire” is synonymous with this area. For the first time applied to the breed the word “Shire” King Henry VIII at the beginning of the 16th century.
During the reign of Henry II of 1154, and Elizabeth (which began in 1558), the government sought to increase the number of horses that were called “great.” During the reign of King John (1199 – 1216gg.), About a hundred large-built stallions were brought to England from the lower lands of Flanders, which is located in the territory of Holland.
The authors of that period describe the Flemish horses as mostly black, with large white markings on the legs and on the face. They were tall, muscular, on fairly strong legs, framed by thick long brushes, with well developed, large joints.
When Henry VIII came to power (1509 – 1547), he approved a number of laws aimed at the development and breeding of tall and powerful horses. For example, there were acts that prohibited the breeding of horses below 154 cm at the withers.
Like many hard-hulled breeds, during different periods of its history, the Shire improved due to the inflow of blood of other breeds, the northern German Flemish horses from Belgium and the flanders left the most noticeable mark on the formation of the Shire breed. Quite detailed notes about this were written over 1000 years ago. During this time, breeding continued with other breeds.
Over the 18th century These horses are widely used for hard work in agriculture.
With the improvement of the roads and the popularisation of stagecoaches for heavy trucks, demand has increased dramatically.
During this period, the breeder Robert Bakvill decided to pour on the shire, known at the time of the Leicestershire carriage horse, the blood of the friezes.
In the 16th century, shires were used as war horses. As soon as tournaments and heavily armed knights disappeared, the ancestors of the Shires were used in heavy harness.
In the 19th century, the period of agricultural development and commerce of horses was the main labor force. Shire became very popular, they were used not only on farms, but also on the railway, in the docks and on city streets. The mighty and obedient giants of the Shire breed were bred in all environs of England. There were several intra-breed types of shires. For example, the Yorkshire shires were of a leaner build and had more stamina than the Cambridgeshire and Lincolnshire shires, which were distinguished by large brushes and were more bony.
Despite the fact that the first Shire was in 1853. imported to the USA, no significant imports were observed until 1880. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Shire in America made a worthy competition to the Percherons in popularity. In the period from 1909 to 1911. in the world there were about 6,700 Shires, and almost 80% of the total livestock was born in the United States.
Shire became very popular in America due to its mighty growth and spectacular movements. After the end of the First World War, heavy horses were gradually driven out of the cities by cars and trams. Farmers began to breed smaller and more economical horses.
Percherons and Brabancons began to dominate in the Midwest. The livestock of the shires continued to decrease in 1950-1959. in the USA, only 25 representatives of the Shire breed were registered.
The balls are currently being revived. Already by 1985, 121 Shire horses were registered. One of the reasons for the growth of the livestock population was the increase in sales markets – this breed is gaining popularity in all countries of the world.