Everything a horseman needs to know about a mouthpiece
The mouthpiece is called one-piece udil with side cheeks and a second-hand (mouthpiece) chain that exerts more pressure on the horse’s mouth than a regular snaffle.
It should be noted that the use of the mouthpiece requires the rider to be careful and sensitive in controlling the horse, because using it incorrectly can turn even a well-traveled horse into a dreadful ride.
The structure of the mouthpiece
The mouthpiece consists of a whole nibbled with arms (cheeks) connected to the nibble motionless, and chains. The arms can be divided into two parts: from the upper ringlets to the nibbled – the upper part and the lower one – from the nibbled to the ring for the occasion.
The structure of the mouthpiece
Usually, at the mouthpiece, the lower arch is longer than the upper one, the nibbling is made of a single round piece of iron, about a finger thick. The middle part of the nibble is called the port and lies in the same plane with the arms.
For the first time the Pintelle began to use the mouthpiece, in the XVI century, when the high school of riding was in its heyday. Until now, this invention has been used for finer and more precise horse control.
The upper ends of the arches end in a ring or crochet, with which the mouthpiece is attached to the headband, and a movable hook, which serves to fasten the chin or mouthpiece chain. The chain completely covers the lower jaw of the animal.
Horse with mouthpiece
The lower arms end with rings for reins. In addition, on each shackle, approximately in the middle, between the gnawing and its lower part, there is an earring for the strap, which is passed through a specific ring of the tipping chain. This strap is used only if the horse has the bad habit of grabbing the mouthpiece of the lower lip with the lower lip, thereby trying to escape from the pressure nibbling at the gum.
The principle of the mouthpiece
The whole design of the mouthpiece is designed to act on the horse’s mouth on the principle of leverage. Whole nibble allows you to evenly distribute the pressure on the mouth, it is created only for the rectilinear movement of the neck up, down, forward, for lowering and raising the head. The side arms are used to create lever pressure, which is enhanced by the chin chain.
When tensioning the reins, the upper parts of the mouthpieces of the mouthpiece move forward, but it is necessary to stretch the belt and the chain to stretch and block them – it begins to crush the horse’s tongue and lower jaw. There are some types of fishing that do not put pressure on the tongue, due to which the horse relaxes better and takes a reason.
When the horse’s neck will take the desired position – the mouthpiece is kept stationary.
The mouthpiece is considered the best way to hold the horse’s head and neck in an upright position. The animal uses the mouthpiece as an additional painless fulcrum. A closed mouth also helps to relax the head, and the capsular belt does not allow opening the mouth.
In general, it looks like this – the horse straightens the upper line of the neck, the base of the neck assumes an upright position, the neck itself retracts. Achieving this is only possible with a relaxed back of a horse.
The mouthpiece together with the bit is inserted into the horse’s mouth on the tongue. Mouthpiece and snaffle bit should not oppose each other. The adoption of a horse double headband depends on properly fitted ammunition.
The snaffle should lie in the mouth of the animal above the mouthpiece and nibble and directly touch the corners of the mouth, in other words, it should be located between the corners of the horse’s mouth and the mouthpiece chews, so that the corners of the mouth do not have folds. A snaffle fitted above will put a lot of pressure on the mouth, if you fit it lower – it will hang out in the horse’s mouth and can provoke the habit of throwing the tongue through the snaffle, which wean the horse from is not easy.
The mouthpiece should be the size of a horse’s mouth and should be placed on the toothless edge, about one finger farther than the canines or colorations. If the horse has a habit of lowering its head – the mouthpiece is driven a little higher, if the horse has a tendency to raise its head – lower, but it must be ensured that it does not touch the teeth.
Horse with mouthpiece
A mouth gnaw is considered to be properly fitted if its ends peep out on each side of the horse’s mouth for about half a centimeter. If the fish are too wide, the gums and tongue will disturb, or unequal pressure will be felt on the gums, as a result of which the horse will twist his head to the side.
The thickness of the gnawed and the size of the port (nagyazychnogo arc) is selected depending on the thickness of the tongue and the sensitivity of the gums (toothless edge) of the horse. The thinner the gum, the more sensitive it is.
To select the size of the mouthpiece you can make the following measurements, for which you will need a small wooden stick, about the size of a finger. Put it in the horse’s mouth on top of the tongue where the mouthpiece will be. The wand must be held on both sides with straight forefingers so that they do not press against the horse’s lips.