Elimination of rider’s mistakes when jumping
Many equestrians have problems landing when jumping. Most often, such questions arise for beginners riding relatively recently. This article contains the most common mistakes riders in jumping.
One of the main mistakes when jumping, which entails a lot of other shortcomings, is the wrong position of the leg. A loose leg is pulled back, and the rider flies out of the saddle as the horse lands. With a dangling shenkel, you not only irritate the horse, constantly shoving it on the sides, but also increase the risk of falling many times. Why the foot does not want to cuddle tightly? There are several reasons.
First, your heel is likely to be above the toe during the jump. Because of this, during landing, the entire load falls only on the knee, as the only point of support. Have you ever felt particularly strong pressure on your knee? Has it happened that after landing, your foot is far behind and the heel is tied up? If so, in order to correct this deficiency you need to work on strengthening and stretching the gastrocnemius muscle so that the heel is always at the bottom.
The second reason on which the wrong position of the leg can depend is the advance of the horse during the jump. That is, when you move the body forward before the horse starts to lift off the ground. In this case, the leg automatically goes back for a cinch, which in itself is very dangerous.
A little experiment will help you to understand how this habit has taken root in you. Try to tie the stirrups to the cinch. Do not be intimidated, take some woolen or woven thread (such that it could break with a strong force), pass the rope through each stirrup, then wind the thread around the girth and tie it in one bundle. No need to firmly tighten the knot, cinch, and so will hold the thread. Now try to walk, walk, trot and gallop. The thread broke immediately, or did you manage to ride for a while?
Now try to jump over small crosses with connected stirrups – it will immediately become clear how tightly your schenkel is pressed. Never try to ride long with bound stirrups, remember, this is just a small test. Oh, and still, do not bind the stirrups with a tearing rope.
Exercises to eradicate bad habits
№1. To get rid of this error, you need, first, an instructor or person who would watch your foot from the ground. Secondly, get ready – this is driving without stirrups. Yes, yes, unfasten stirrups in general, so that they do not distract you. So, you are ready for the most painful, but also the most useful exercise – a lightweight ride without stirrups.
To begin with, give it only a few minutes, then gradually increase the load. It is not necessary to cripple yourself from the very beginning a half-hour ride without stirrups, and then walk with stretched muscles. Be patient, and gradually, you will notice that your foot is lying on its own. Here an instructor will come to your aid, he will tell you whether you continue to cling to the saddle with your knees, or your heel is climbing up again.
№2. The second step is to work on a field landing. Try to trot on a field landing, kneeling with your knees on a pillow and a spring at each pace. You should not just stand on the stirrups, – your task is to stretch the calf muscle and try to lower the heel down. Try to relax the inner part of the leg a little, – while the muscles on the calf will stretch even more. When you have rested your knees and put your heel down, just lift your heel point up and forward a little. Hold on for a few paces, for example, 5 paces, focusing on the heel, and then lower yourself into the saddle, without tearing off the schenkel. Now do the same at a gallop.
Number 3. The last exercise is to work out the correct position of the body during the jump. It will help you get rid of such an error, as the horse is ahead of its body. In other words, if you move the hull forward before the horse pushes its legs, this is not correct. To unlearn this, you need to jump over small obstacles without stirrups. Having mastered the two exercises described above, you can easily and effortlessly jump without stirrups with tightly pressed schenkel. Jumping in this way, you will immediately notice that it is almost impossible to crawl forward with your body before the jump. Imagine that your loins should cross the pole first, and not your chin and shoulders.