We teach the horse to be upset
Have you ever found yourself in a situation where the ability of a horse to calmly and smoothly set back a horse was extremely necessary? At the same time you asked the horse to step back, but instead of smoothly, without any fuss, besiege the horse, as you imagined, the horse behaved as if you forgot to remove it from the parking brake: she threw back her head and neck, raising them high in protest , and the hoof seemed just stuck to the ground. Or maybe she didn’t go straight back, but moved somewhere at a 90 degree angle from where you were?
Relocation is a really useful skill for the horse, and you can begin to train him at any time – being in a stable or working in an arena under the saddle, whether it is a young horse or an already more experienced one. The ability to smoothly send the horse back in any direction you need can be useful to you in a variety of situations. This wonderful tool will even help you open the gate if you don’t want to dismount from a horse.
We must begin with the awareness of how the precipitation is correct and balanced. We know that a horse must go back, but how exactly it should do this is crucial for the overall success of the movement.
When a horse goes backwards, its legs move in diagonal pairs. The right front and left hind legs move back together. This is one step. Then the left front and right hind legs move back together (second step). At the same time, the horse should remain straight, its back should step slightly deeper under the hull with each step.
The back of a horse should remain relaxed, as should its head and neck. When she sets aside as you wish, she will have to go forward immediately, without hesitation, as soon as you ask her about it.
While the horse is moving backwards, the rider must remain upright, using the bark muscles to slightly ease the sciatic bones. The rider shifts back slightly to induce the horse to raise its legs, and then with a passive reason it prevents it from moving forward. A rider can use his legs either together or one by one, depending on the situation.
All this sounds easy enough, however, if you do not have good basic training, you will not achieve a calm, relaxed upsetting, simply by following the above recommendations. In fact, many of the unsuccessful or erroneous upsets performed by riders are a direct consequence of a lack of fundamentals and patience when it comes to explaining the horse, what they expect from it.
As mentioned above, horses can begin to be taught to be upset at an early age. It usually begins with a request to give back in the stall. Instead of just pushing the horse, think about using this basic movement as a start (you can later continue training under the saddle).
Regardless of the age of your horse, I suggest first bringing it to the playpen (fully saddled, if necessary), and begin to explain to her the principle of settling in your hands. Ask the horse to stop correctly (squarely). As soon as she stops, she will stand, not fidgeting, put his hand on her chest in front (where the base of the neck is) and, using a slight pressure, push the horse back, asking her to do it with his voice. Use the same voice command in each lesson (I use “back”). Later, having begun work under a saddle, you can use it from above.
Start by asking for one or two steps. Do not worry if they are indecisive or uneven. It is important to reward any step in the “right” direction, and then ask the horse to move forward immediately after settling down.
Moving forward after the completion of precipitation is vital. By allowing the horse to stop and wait for it to take a few steps back, you can instill bad habits into it. The horse must always think about moving forward!
When you ask a horse to be put down, do not pull it with a reason or a chombur. Use your voice prompts and hand pressure on your chest. This is really important: the reason should never be used to “pull” the horse back. The horse must first understand the concept of moving backwards, and then when you find yourself in the saddle, the reason will simply say to the horse: “And now with the raised leg, not forward, but back.”
When the rider uses a reason to actually move the horse backwards, it usually results in the horse lifting its head and neck, which causes it to strain and fasten. This, in turn, leads to the fact that the stages of precipitation become intermittent and shortened, and their sequence is disturbed. Instead of moving the legs in diagonal pairs, the horse moves each leg individually. Such a movement cannot be called rejection.
Take the time to really make sure that your horse understands what is being asked for on the ground when it is not burdened by the rider’s extra weight before you sit in the saddle. As soon as you find yourself in the saddle, I suggest finding a good helper who, standing on the ground.