Arden horse breed
The Arden horse is the oldest breed of all European heavy horses. These are one of the most beautiful heavy-tailed horses: they are versatile and undemanding both to the content and to feeding, they have a lively temperament and high mobility, they are extremely hardy and easily adapt to mountain conditions.
Strong Arden has an ancient origin, and it received its name from the same mountainous terrain, which is located on the French-Belgian border. According to the bones of the ancestors of the modern Ardennes horse, which were found in this area, the horses that looked like Ardens were carried here more than 2,000 years ago.
The Arden horse was not so massive before, so it was used as a saddle, and not just for harness. In 1800, Arabian and English thoroughbred blood was added to this breed. Later – the blood of the Percheron and Boonite heavy truck. Despite the fact that all these attempts to improve the breed and were not too successful, Arden still remained a very useful breed of horses.
Even Napoleon himself valued this breed for endurance, because it was not for nothing that energy and endurance made an outstanding military horse out of the Ardenz, which was noticeably distinguished during the revolution. And during the First World War, they were artillery horses.
After the war, the needs of agriculture and led to the fact that a heavier type of arden was developed. He is supported now. There is also a small type of Arden horse.
Its height is 152 – 163 centimeters. Color most often red, auburn and bay. Arden has a fairly even profile, eyes are large and expressive, forehead is low and flat, ears are pointed. The neck is of medium length, mostly curved, the shoulder is very strong, the body is of medium massiveness, the chest is deep, the back is short, the hips are muscular, the croup is wide, the legs are short but strong.
This breed was brought to Russia at the end of the 19th century. It was used to breed new breeds, such as the Russian heavy truck, the Baltic Ardennes, and the Swedish Ardennes.