Bityug Russian breed of heavy horses
History of the origin of the Butyug breed:
Being a descendant of large heavy breed stallions exported to Russia: Clydesdall, Brabant, as well as local working horses. She was famous for amazing endurance, unpretentiousness and carrying capacity, had a soft calm temper, and were also very hardworking. Bityugs were horses of medium height, strong build, calm temperament and were a type of transport and agricultural horse. They were able to travel 50–85 km per day with a load of 800 kg or more. Bityugs were created on the basis of a local steppe-type horse, as a result of crossing with horses of various types and breeds.
One of the factors that contributed to their cultivation was rich pastures along the Bityuga River. At the end of the XIX century, with the emergence of demand for a larger and more massive horse, bityugs began to cross with heavy trucks, and later with trotters, which caused this breed to lose its uniformity. However, the value of bityugs, especially for agriculture, prompted the peasants to support the type of horses close to the bituges, and soon a horse similar to the batyug was created in Upper Khavsky and other neighboring areas. By origin, it represented the product of reproductive crossing of crossbones of trotters, draft horses and the old Bityug horse.
In 1936, the Tambov Zonal Experimental Station of Horse Breeding studied an array of local horses of the Upper Khavsky, Shchuchensky and other areas. Considering that virtually all the livestock of bityugs was lost during the Civil War and it was already impossible to restore this breed, and its working qualities were very valuable, a plan of breeding work was developed, providing for improvement of the type of a local large draft horse by breeding “in itself” hybrids, the influx of thick trotter, selection of the desired type and improved rearing. At the same time, it was decided that this horse should not be called a botyug, but a Voronezh draft. Under this name, the Voronezh horse was shown at the 1939 All-Union Agricultural Exhibition. In 1938, in the areas with the most valuable horses of Voronezh, a state rider was organized, the task of which was to create the desired type of integrated agricultural horse.
EXTERIOR: Their back is even, the loin is well executed, the body is long, with well developed long croup, the front legs are straight, the hooves are voluminous, flat but strong, and the legs are large. Of the deficiencies, there is often a poorly defined wrist, a close proximity of the hock joints, and a sabularity of the hind legs.
Voronezh horses have great stamina and low whimsicalness in terms of conditions of detention and feeding.
There are three types of Voronezh draft horse:
1. First. Rising along the male line of the pedigree to the heavy stallions, consists of more massive horses, with a longer body. In terms of numbers, this group is small.
2. Second. It consists of several lightweight, but harmonious horses belonging in a straight male line to the rysysto-Bityug stallions Lovchak born in 1907. and his son Lorik, the Plan, as well as to the trotter stallions Krechet (of unknown origin), Gradu, born in 1909, Crow, born in 1918, Racate, born in 1910. and my lord. A group of trotter stallions of a dense type had a great positive effect: Kudesnik, born in 1914, Parurobok, Kutyla, born in 1922. and the sons of Meadows, born in 1908, used until 1934. The best mares of this group were the mares with the blood of the stallion Lelya from the Deleted Line, which include the descendants of the Trapper, and from the Gift line through Peal.
3. Third. The descendants of the local stallions belong (crossbreds of unknown origin). Horses of this type occupy a middle position, somewhat rude and often disharmonious.